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For those who have heard about Jesus' salvation, hell is clearly their own fault. The idea of hell is difficult for us. We don't like it. But it is clear in Scripture, and if we try to remove it from Christian doctrine or hush it up because it is unpopular, we aren't declaring the whole gospel of salvation. John has some of the strongest promises of protection in the Bible -- but notice that the promises are made toward believers -- not to those who once believed but no longer do so -- but to those who continue to believe, those who abide You'll find further discussion of the doctrine of the Perseverance of the Saints in Lesson 19 and Lesson Now let's go back to verse 12b, where Jesus qualifies his protection of those the Father gave him.
In John's Gospel, Jesus is very clear that he lost none that the Father gave him ; He provides complete protection. Absolutely no one can snatch one of his sheep So it is important for John to explain that Judas is the exception. Judas betrayal had been prophesied long before John makes it clear that Jesus knew from the beginning that Judas would betray him , ; It's not entirely clear that Judas was ever a true believer, even though Jesus chose him to be an apostle. In John's Gospel we see a differentiation between disciples who believe primarily because of the miracles, but don't go further ; ; , disciples who leave because they are offended by Jesus' teaching , 66 , and those who follow Jesus out of a deeper trust, in spite of persecution ; Perhaps Judas was a disciple who possessed an initial belief, but, like many, didn't go deeper Matthew , For more on Judas' betrayal, see Lesson 23 and Lesson In our passage we see a clear distinction between "in the world" and "of the world.
The "world" kosmos here refers to "the system of human existence in its many aspects" that is hostile to God -- lost in sin, wholly at odds with anything divine, ruined and depraved. Various prepositions in our passage serve to define a person's relationship to the world. Though we disciples are in the world, surrounded by an environment that is often hostile to Jesus and his disciples, we aren't part of the world system. In reality, we are no longer citizens of the world, but citizens of Jesus' Kingdom. We are resident aliens.
As a s gospel song puts it:. We are in the world -- Jesus wants us here to represent him and his Kingdom -- but we are not to adopt its value system and lifestyle. Paul writes,. Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is -- his good, pleasing and perfect will. The Holy Spirit allows us to continue here without caving into the pressure to conform. John Is God's desire to immediately extract us from the earth, or to leave us here? How is it possible to be "in" the world, but not "of" it, or contaminated by it?
How do we achieve this? How are people sanctified or made holy? Several times in the New Testament we see the power of God's Word to cleanse and empower Christ's disciples:. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free. Jesus, the Word, the Logos, the Message of God has come and Jesus' disciples have received him and his message as from God. This in itself has set them apart from the world, sanctified, set apart, with the mission of taking Jesus' message to the world.
In the same way Jesus is set apart to complete his own mission, to redeem mankind for God. When we read the Word, our thoughts begin to conform to God's thoughts. This Word is one of the most important means of changing our minds and hearts, of sanctifying us -- both making us like Jesus, and helping us adopt his mission to the world. Now Jesus' prayer focus shifts from his disciples, to those whom his disciples will bring to faith in him.
May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. May they be brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.
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Jesus' burden is the perfect unity of his people. God knows that we see a lot of imperfect unity. Often various Christian denominations feel superior to others. There is misunderstanding and resentment and pride and hurt. Within a city, smaller congregations sometimes act as if they're in competition with the larger churches. Within congregations there are sometimes factions, resentments that can have gone unresolved and unforgiven for decades. That is what Jesus prays for. I don't think that Jesus' burden is organizational unity -- one single large denomination of Christian churches.
But love between the churches and groups that exist. Love that covers a multitude of sins. Love that bridges divisions. Love that overlooks differences due to centuries-old traditions. Love that unites in Christ. That all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. As we are "in" the Father and Son, we will naturally be unified with brothers and sisters who also love the Father and Son. Unity, of course, is dependent upon mutual love for each other. And that love more than anything is to be the mark of Jesus' disciples.
In what sense did Jesus give his disciples his glory? This is difficult. Carson sees this transmission of glory in the sense of Jesus completing his task of revealing the Father to them. He has shared that with his disciples to the extent that he can say, "If you have seen me you have seen the Father. John b, Why is unity between Christians so important? What is the model Jesus gives of this unity in verse 21a? What effect does true Christian unity have on our witness to the world? Jesus mentioned this at the beginning of this prayer in verse 5 above, where we discussed Jesus' pre-existent glory.
How much Jesus must have missed the glory of his former fellowship with the Father! Yes, being able to talk on the telephone and Skype are good when you're separated from loved ones geographically, but there's something special about being in the same room and sharing your thoughts in person.
It's very difficult for us to understand what it cost Jesus to leave heaven and enter our fallen world. Missionaries often experience severe "culture shock" when they leave their own culture to live in another land. To what do we compare the glorious Son, waited on hand and foot by angels, leaving the Father's presence to enter our world filled with struggle and sorrow, hate and pain? Love sent him. But now, longing for the Father is calling him home. He can hardly wait! In verse 11 he calls on his "holy Father," emphasizing the Father's holiness. Here, he calls on his "righteous Father," the one whose very character is the standard of righteousness.
He is the righteous and holy Father whom the world does not know. The world has created their own gods or version of God, but they don't know the "true God" verse 3 nor the Christ whom he has sent. But his disciples now know the Father, because Jesus, the Word, the Logos, the very expression of God has made him known to them. And Jesus will continue this mission of revelation. Making the Father known through Jesus his Son, that is our mission too.
So that those who don't know the Father can experience this love that sent Jesus to earth and back -- love that is the central reality of the Kingdom of God, the mark of Jesus' disciples, and the essential element of the unity we have with other believers. Father, sometimes we feel so earth-bound, so worldly! I pray that you would cut the fetters that bind us to the world system that is at enmity with you. Help us to long for the glory of your presence. Give us more longing to be with you than to live a long life here.
Transform our minds and value systems. But while we're here, I pray that you help us to share your love and glory with others, and especially that we may be at one with our brothers and sisters! In Jesus' name, we pray. And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began. They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you.
I said this for the benefit of the people standing here, that they may believe that you sent me" Robertson calls it an "old verb from teleios perfect " Word Studies. It is used in common speech, but also in prayer at in verse 20, as well as ; Luke ; 1 John A more literal translation would be, "I am no longer in the world" ESV. Driver, and Charles A.follow
5 Signs of Spiritual Maturity…That Actually Show You Lack It
Briggs eds. To include a person in the inner circle of what is holy, in both cultic and moral associations of the word, "consecrate, dedicate, sanctify. The noun is the number "one," heis , that is used several times in this passage. We see this phrase "from the foundation of the world" a number of times in the New Testament indicating that God has long had a loving relationship with Jesus, and planned, through him, to save the world through his death on the cross: Matthew ; ; Luke ; Ephesians ; Hebrews ; ; 1 Peter ; Revelation ; A single copy of this article is free.
Do not put this on a website. See legal, copyright, and reprint information. To be notified about future articles, stories, and Bible studies, why don't you subscribe to our free newsletter, The Joyful Heart , by placing your e-mail address in the box below. Paul to the Romans in the New Testament of the Bible.
Luke was the only Gentile writer of the New Testament Colossians He was a companion of Paul and reflected Paul, who saw the risen Christ. Paul calls Luke "the beloved physician" in Colossians , advises Timothy that "only Luke is with me" in 2 Timothy , and that Luke is his "fellow worker" in Philemon One can surmise from Acts that Luke accompanied Paul at times during his second, third, and fourth missionary journeys from the " we " passages found in Acts , , , and to The theme of God's visitation and universal offer of salvation through Jesus Christ is first expressed in the Gospel of Luke through Zechariah Luke f , and Simeon when he saw the Child Jesus in the Temple, "a light for revelation to the Gentiles and glory for Israel" The traditional promise of a Savior for all of humanity is fulfilled in Christ, who desires salvation for Israel and all Gentiles Luke There is a narrative unity to Luke and Acts, for the mission of Jesus in Luke and his disciples in Acts is to carry out the "Purpose of God," a concept expressed in Luke and , as well as Acts , and Jesus tells the people of Capernaum that "I must preach the good news of the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose" Luke Luke's Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles are key to the description of the history and mission of the early Church.
The Acts of the Apostles is an exciting narrative and may be enjoyably read in one sitting. The Acts of the Apostles begins with Jesus Christ instructing the Apostles for 40 days following his Resurrection and commissioning them to be his witnesses to the ends of the earth Acts , until his Glorious Ascension into Heaven Acts Our English word martyr is a direct translation of the Greek word for witness.
The martyr is the ultimate Christian witness! The Acts of the Apostles describes the infancy period of the early Christian Church , a time when Christianity spread like wildfire. The emergence of Christianity is primarily seen through the actions of Peter, actually the first Apostle to bring Christianity to the Gentiles, and Paul, with his four missionary journeys - three from Antioch and his voyage to Malta and Rome.
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Following the Pentecost , the Descent of the Holy Spirit to the first community in Jerusalem, the mission in Jerusalem is detailed from Chapters 2 through 7. There are four speeches by Peter in which he repeatedly witnesses to the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus: the Pentecost speech , which led to the conversion of Jews, thus fulfilling God's promise to Abraham to bring salvation to the Israelites; the second to the people following the cure of the crippled beggar , and twice before the Sanhedrin with his famous reply, "We must obey God rather than men" Chapter 8 opens with the severe persecution of the Church in Jerusalem and the subsequent dispersion throughout Judea and Samaria.
Chapter 9 depicts the Conversion of Saul on the road to Damascus, when Jesus identified himself with the Church. Chapters 10 to 12 detail the inauguration of the mission to the Gentiles: Peter's conversion of Cornelius in Caesarea 10 , the mission led by Barnabas to the dispersion and Hellenists in Antioch 11 , followed by Herod's persecution of James and Peter Chapter 15 opens with the Council of Jerusalem, while details the return of Barnabas and John Mark to Cyprus. Chapters to describe the second and third missionary journeys of Paul.
Chapter 16 records the introduction of Christianity into Europe. Paul continues to gain converts among the Gentiles but suffers rejection and persecution in the synagogues. Acts helps to date Paul's journey to Corinth to the years AD, for Gallio served as proconsul of the Grecian province of Achaia during that time, in the twelfth year of the Roman Emperor Claudius. On his third missionary journey - , Paul returned to Ephesus in Asia Minor where he spent a total of three years Acts , but also revisited Macedonia and Greece in Europe.
In his Farewell meeting with the Church of Ephesus on his return to Jerusalem, Paul repeats a saying of Jesus not found in the four Gospels: "It is more blessed to give than to receive" Acts Paul is on trial in Chapters for his belief in the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead, but also because he considers this as the fulfillment of the "hope in the promise made by God to our fathers.
Chapters narrate Paul's fourth missionary journey through Malta to Rome.
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Paul arrives in Rome and spends two years there under house arrest preaching the Gospel. The Holy Spirit is named 40 times in Acts, more than any other book of the Bible. Peter laid his hands and bestowed the Holy Spirit in Acts The Holy Spirit directed Peter to accompany the emissaries sent by Cornelius and then descended upon the Gentile Cornelius and his household in Acts The Holy Spirit called for Barnabas and Saul before they began the first missionary journey Paul also laid his hands and bestowed the Holy Spirit in Acts , a sign which has become the Sacrament of Confirmation.
Antioch, Syria was an early home of Christianity after the dispersion, and especially after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD. Indeed the followers of Jesus were first called Christians in Antioch Acts Beginning with Saul's persecution of the Church, Christianity became known as the Way Acts , , , , , , and Followers of Jesus were also referred to as Nazarenes Acts Barnabas and Saul on the first missionary journey to Cyprus and Asia Minor appreciated that the Gospel of salvation be spoken first to the Jews but that the Gentiles were open to the message of Jesus Christ Acts The Council of Jerusalem resolved the important issue on Gentile converts - Peter, James, and the Council supported Paul and Barnabas in allowing Gentile converts to become Christians without subjecting themselves to all the precepts of the Mosaic law.
This issue would continue to create dissension within the early Church, as we can see in reading Paul's Letters to the Galatians and Romans. The Council also served as the precedent for future Councils of the Christian Church. As Paul was directed to Rome by the Lord himself in Acts , his voyage to Malta and Rome served as his fourth missionary journey, detailed in Chapters Paul fulfilled Christ's mission given in Luke and Acts to be His witness to "the ends of the earth. In contrast to Jonah, who was running from the Lord and imperiled the safety of the ship, Paul was obedient to the Lord and saved the lives of all on board!
There is a lesson here: may all of us be obedient to the Word on our journey through life! Malta is an important aspect of the narrative, for the natives there representing the Gentiles were receptive to Paul's mission. Publius, the chief man of the island, became a convert and the first Bishop of Malta.
This is in contrast to the Jews of Rome, who, while individually may have been responsive to the Word, as a group rejected Paul's message. The climax occurs in Rome, when Paul, after continued rejection by the Jews , , , quotes Isaiah and then reaffirms in Acts , "Let it be known to you then that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will listen. All rights reserved. Used by Permission. This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven. And the Lord was adding to their number day by day those who were being saved.
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For the fact that a noteworthy miracle has taken place through them is apparent to all who live in Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it. And after it was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.
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Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out as well. Now when the high priest and his associates came, they called the Council together, even all the Senate of the sons of Israel, and sent orders to the prison house for them to be brought. But he was killed, and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran, 3 and said to him, 'Leave your country and your relatives, and come into the land that I will show you.
From there, after his father died, God had him move to this country in which you are now living. Yet God was with him, 10 and rescued him from all his afflictions, and granted him favor and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he made him governor over Egypt and all his household.
I also will remove you beyond Babylon. They killed those who had previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become; 53 you who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it.